The First 3 Procedures To Teach In Kindergarten (with freebies!)

It's already Back to School season and I feel like just yesterday school ended! This summer has been so busy! I spent most of the early part of it prepping for my sessions at SDE's I Teach K Conference. It ROCKED! It was so exciting to meet so many teachers and share my ideas! To keep the momentum going, I'm going to do a series of blogposts on each of my sessions - so if you attended you'll get even MORE ideas on those topics, and if you didn't get to go this year then at least you'll get a little taste of what is was like!

First up is Routines & Procedures! I cannot stress enough how important it is to take the first 2 weeks of school and devote it solely to teaching Routines & Procedures. This will be the foundation of your whole year. Teach your students what is expected of them and how to function in your classroom and you will reap the benefits ALL YEAR LONG!

My first bit of advice is on which procedures to teach first! Many of our kinders have never been to school before - some may not even have attended daycare! There will be a few "experienced" kinders - those who attended pre-k or even those who were retained. Regardless of their experience level, regardless of their personality or socioeconomic status, they will all come in worried about the SAME 3 THINGS! It will save you so much heartache and hassle if you address those 3 items FIRST!

Kinders don't care about about where to put their completed papers or how to push in their chair when the leave their table. They need to know about how to sit at carpet, but that won't be causing them any anxiety on the first day of school. Instead, they want to know:

#1 How do I get home?

When their parents walk out the door on that first day, our kinders are going to be stressing about the end of the day! How will their parents find them? At what point will they be able to get out of this place? What happens if their parent forgets or gets lost? What about taking the bus - how will they know which bus or daycare van to board? It is super important to ease that anxiety, and if you start your first mini lesson with "Here's what we're going to do at the end of the day to make sure you get home." I GUARANTEE you will have every kiddo listening raptly!

Now, this doesn't mean that you need a big long lesson about ways to get home. I sing a song about the different ways we go home, and use some felt board pieces as I sing. Then we do a simple pictorial graph where each child colors an icon about the way they get home and adds it to the class graph. Later on in the week we'll continue the lesson with an emergent reader and then we'll create our first Class Book! Tip: make sure parents fill out the going home info at your  Back To School Night, so if a child is unsure, you can refer to your list! Here's an example of our "How Do We Go Home?" graph - I always have my kiddos color their picture and write their names on the back!

At the end you have your first class graph to display, which you can refer to throughout the week - counting how many kiddos walk home versus ride the bus etc. So you're incorporating your first Math Standards at the same time as alleviating their Number 1 Fear! Later on in the week we'll continue the lesson by having each child color their own emergent reader to take home and read, and then we'll create a class book where every child gets their own page!
  Grab all of these activities in my How Do We Get Home? pack!
#2 Where's the bathroom?

The next thing you'll need to teach, because at this point in the morning it's going to be a NECESSITY, is Bathroom Procedures!  At the beginning of the year, kinders have bladders that are about the same size as a Chihuahua's. As the year goes by, you'll be able to train them to "hold it" for longer periods and to almost go "on schedule" but at the beginning of the year, that potty sees a LOT of use! And of course, to kinders, knowing where the bathroom is and preventing embarrassing accidents, is high on their list of anxieties. 

At this point I quickly go over how we ask to go to the bathroom - what terminology we use (cause no one wants to hear "I gotta booboo!"), where it is and what we do inside the bathroom - and what we don't do! If you have a single classroom bathroom, your procedures will vary from those who have to walk the entire class down the hall to the bathroom. I'll tell you a secret though - I have a classroom bathroom but STILL have class bathroom breaks where I take the entire class to the bathroom! This is part of "training their bladders" and it also deals with the "cascade effect" because when one kinder asks to go to the bathroom, suddenly EVERYONE has to go. I use the "Fill Them Up, Then Empty Them Out" philosophy, which means that after breakfast, we have a class bathroom break. After lunch, we have a class bathroom break. After afternoon recess when everyone comes in sweating and drinks a ton of water, we have a class bathroom break. 

That's 3 dedicated times a day that we are all using the bathroom (my rule is that you have to at least "try to go" because if you ask me to go 5 minutes AFTER our bathroom break, then I'm going to have to take 5 minutes of your recess or center time to go over bathroom procedures with you again) so most kinders won't need to go to the bathroom but maybe once or twice more throughout the day, although medication and other issues can sometimes increase that (which should be a question on your Back to School survey so you know about any issues in advance!)
We talk about closing the door, wiping, flushing, and hand washing. I actually demonstrate our handwashing because I'm somewhat of a germaphobe and  it makes me cringe to see children get a handful of soap and then stick their hands under the tap and rinse it all away before they even had a chance to lather up! I created a Handwashing Procedures Pack which includes pocket chart sequencing pieces, a poster to hang by the sink, a printable b&w reader and a cut and paste sequencing sheet. You can nab that here:

 # 3 Am I going to get fed?

After you've taken care of their most pressing biological need, its time to focus on their stomachs! Every child wants to know when they will be fed! It's especially important in Title I schools, where some children may not get regular meals at home, to  reassure children that you WILL feed them every day. Once you've covered that basic fact, you'll have to go over Cafeteria Procedures because it's a totally different experience than they're used to from eating at home. 99% of your students  have never held a tray in their lives. Don't let the first time be when it's full of food and a milk carton AND they're attempting to walk AND find their seat in the cafeteria! That's just going to lead to disaster (and extra clean up for your custodians!). I have an EDITABLE Cafeteria Procedures FREEBIE for you here:

I play the Cafeteria Procedures powerpoint on my Smartboard and we discuss each slide. If you don't have a Smartboard, print each slide and show them to your students as you discuss the different points. Also, talk with your cafeteria staff beforehand and get a few trays to practice with. Ask if they'll let you do a "dry run" of the salad bar so your kiddos can see it all beforehand. Ask your Special Ed, Speech and Counseling coworkers who aren't yet pulling their students to come down and help out with the first couple of lunch periods.Game Changer Tip: when your students get their lunch trays, lay their milk down on its side rather than standing it upright! We tried it last year and we had fewer dropped trays without that unwieldy milk carton causing issues!

Once you've gotten through those first 3 procedures, chances are you'll have just enough time for an ice breaker or a read aloud before lunch - there's your whole first morning already planned for you! If you want some ideas for a good Back to School read aloud, check out this post about Polka Dot Fixes Kindergarten, one of my faves! 

Don't forget to grab your FREE Line Up Chants too - they make lining up a treat! I put mine on a ring and hang them by the door so we can choose a new one periodically - keeping it novel means that your kiddos are more likely to pay attention!

I hope you have a wonderful Back to School season - come back later this week for some STEM ideas!